I'm a paragraph. Click here to add your own text and edit me. I'm a great place for you to tell your story and let your visitors know a little more about you.

A couple of schoolgirls are petitioning McDonald's and Burger King to remove plastic toys from meals offered to children on their menus. Ever since the McDonald's Happy Meal was launched in 1979, children across the world have devoured fast food meals while receiving a small, plastic toy in tow. However, according to sisters Ella and Caitlin McEwan, it's time to put the practice to a stop. On Monday 24 June, the nine-year-old and seven-year-old are due to appear on the BBC One programme War on Plastic with Hugh and Anita to discuss an online petition that they launched against McDonald's and Burger King. ADVERTISING inRead invented by Teads First created eight months ago, the sisters wrote in the petition that they want the fast food chains to "think of the environment" and cease providing children with plastic toys at the fast food chains. Read more McDonald's Sweden launches 'McFalafel' as first vegan Happy Meal "We like to go to eat at Burger King and McDonald’s, but children only play with the plastic toys they give us for a few minutes before they get thrown away and harm animals and pollute the sea," they wrote on the petition. "We want anything they give to us to be sustainable so we can protect the planet for us and for future generations." Ella and Caitlin explained that they'd been learning about plastic pollution in school, and how the improper throwing away of plastic causes damage to the environment. The sisters stated that rather than making plastic toys that can be recycled, companies should invest in toys manufactured from materials other than plastic. The schoolgirls' petition has amassed more than 168,000 signatures, more than three quarters of the 200,000-signature target. Eight of the strangest McDonald's meals from around the world Show all 8 Cheesy Rice Bowl with Chicken Strips (India) Ham N' Egg Twisty Pasta (Hong Kong) Big Shrimp (Russia) Pizza Mac (Germany) The environmental campaigners said it was "scary" appearing on the BBC One programme. However, they hope their appearances on the show will help their petition garner more signatures and encourage McDonald's and Burger King to "make some lasting changes". Three months ago, the sisters shared a response they received from Burger King with regards to their campaign. The response stated that their comments had been passed onto the company's management team with the hope that they can "make some changes in the future". The schoolgirls said that they received an automated response from McDonald's. Support free-thinking journalism and subscribe to Independent Minds McDonald's recently announced plans to remove plastic lids from its McFlurry ice creams and single-use plastic from its salad bowls in the UK in an effort to become more environmentally friendly. "It's the latest step in our sustainability journey," said Beth Hart, supply chain director of McDonald's UK and Ireland. "We are committed to listening to our customers and finding solutions with our suppliers that work for them. This is the latest example of that – but by no means the end." Single-use plastic is being removed from McDonald's salad bowls from this week, while the removal of plastic lids from McFlurry ice creams will come into effect from September.

Health risks associated with obesity, overweight and waist circumference Health risk associated with BMI and waist circumference National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance (see link at end of the section) recommends that for people with a BMI less than 35kg/m², the assessment of health risks associated with being overweight or obese be based on BMI and waist circumference. For adults with a BMI of 35kg/m² or more, risks are assumed to be very high with any waist circumference. 42% of adults were classified as being in the high or very high risk groups. 24% of men were in the very high risk group compared to 29% of women, whilst 44% of men were at no increased risk compared to 37% of women. Table showing distribution of health risk classification for adults Diabetes status by waist circumference Total diabetes (diagnosed and undiagnosed) was associated with central obesity, measured by waist circumference. 12% of men and 9% of women with a very high waist circumference had either diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes. This compared to 6% of men and 2% of women with high waist circumferences and 4% of men and 1% of women with a desirable waist circumference. Chart showing diabetes prevalence by waist circumference Diabetes status by BMI Diagnosed, undiagnosed and total diabetes were all associated with BMI status. Prevalence of total diabetes was greatest among those who were obese (14% of men and 11% of women) compared to those who were overweight but not obese (6% of both men and women), or those who were not obese or overweight (4% and 2% respectively). ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Data has been rounded so quoted totals may not equal sum of parts. Adults who were underweight are not classified. 2. Obese I: 30 to less than 35kg/m2; Obesity II: 35 to less than 40kg/m2; Obesity III: 40kg/m2 or more. For more data/information on this section: Adult and child overweight and obesity report, Health Survey for England, 2017

Don’t blame parents for their obese kids, conference hears

Children become obese as a result of “tiny, imperceptible mistakes” their parents make in feeding them over years, a major international conference on paediatrics has heard. Parents don’t generally overfeed their children but may supply them with more calories than they need over time, according to Prof Russell Viner, president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in the UK. Just a spoonful of surplus butter daily can lead to a person putting on a kilo in weight in a year, he pointed out. Poverty is the ultimate cause of childhood obesity, and major risk factors such as diet, exercise, smoking in pregnancy and high maternal body-mass index are all “downstream” from it, he argued. Prof Viner said society needed to “get away from parent-blaming” and take a social determinant approach to obesity. Today’s obesogenic environment is a “monster” most parents cannot fight. “For most obese children, if you put them into the world of the 1950s, they would not be obese. So how can we argue their parents’ behaviour is abuse?” Prof Viner was speaking against a motion that “Obesity is a form of child abuse” at the Europaediatrics 2019 conference in Dublin’s Convention Centre. Dangerous disease Speaking in favour of the motion, Prof Francesco Chiarelli, from the University of Chieti in Italy, described obesity as a dangerous disease and said families and society were failing to prevent the harm involved. Many parents “don’t feel the problem is there” and misperceive their own, and their children’s, weight, he said. He pointed to studies showing child obesity rates were highest among families with “authoritarian” parenting styles, but lowest among those with “authoritative” – firm but loving – styles. He also highlighted a small Swedish study in which the weight of obese children dropped after they moved to a foster home where an authoritative parenting style was applied, with limits set for intake of sweets and food portions, and support provided for physical activity. But Prof Viner said children “go in and out” of obesity as they develop between the ages of two and 10. “Our definitions are statistical but we can’t create statistical diseases. The strongest cause of disease and ill-health in our children is poverty. Yet we don’t believe poverty is a disease.” Less violent Modern high-income societies were less violent or abusive than societies in the past and their food environment was much more positive, given the history of famine until recent times, he said. The “downside” of this is a rise in the availability of energy-dense food, but it was “a step too far” to see this as abusive. “We need to change the environment, [as] changing behaviour is too hard.” Young people are often unable to discriminate between different media and types of information and are vulnerable to the images conveyed The audience of healthcare professionals split fairly evenly on the motion, in two votes taken before and after the speakers’ presentations. In a presentation on fad diets and adolescents, Orla Walsh, consultant paediatrician at Temple Street Children’s University Hospital, highlighted the role of the media in contributing to a rise in eating disorders. Young people are often unable to discriminate between different media and types of information and are vulnerable to the images conveyed, she said. Media portrayal of dieting, often featuring celebrity endorsement, tended to promote unrealistic standards. While not a new phenomenon, fad diets were usually not long-lasting in effect, and could have serious physical and psychological effects. Dieting is the most important predictor of developing an eating disorder, she pointed out.

The Digestive System – How to Lose Excess Fat and Retain Muscle

The Human Digestive System is one of eleven main systems of the Human Body, this one being used for the process of Digestion, which is how the food is broken down into a paste in the mouth, so that Nutrients in the food can be absorbed and travel through the body more easily. It stands to logic, that Healthy Foods have more nutritional value than unhealthy foods. We all know the difference. The Digestive System consists primarily of the Digestive Tract –organs that contribute juices necessary to assist in the digestive process, followed by the numerous structures through which wastes pass in the process to elimination. This system sets up the process of absorption and distribution of the nutrients in the food – the goodness in food – to all the other systems in the body. Glands which contribute digestive juices are the salivary glands, the gastric glands in the stomach lining, the pancreas, and the liver and its adjuncts—the gallbladder and bile ducts. All of these organs and glands contribute to the physical and chemical breakdown of ingested food and to the eventual elimination of non-digestible wastes. It is important to understand what happens to the food you eat, how it should enter your body, what is does in your body and how the remains of the food leave the body. Each stage HAS VERY SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS which allows one to live a healthy energetic lifestyle as the award gained from the goodness in food and pure water – if you do your part correctly as is required. We are entrusted with 1. Taking SMALL MOUTHFULS and 2. Each small mouthful must be MASTICATED* to the ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM, being the only stage over which we have complete control. It is physically impossible to chew large mouthfuls as required. Smaller well chewed helpings will leave you feeling more satisfied, less hungry without the need for second helpings, no bloating, no reflux or discomfort and no dieting. To assist us in carrying out these two non-invasive tasks, we have teeth which are perfectly placed and designed to cut, mash and crunch the food. There is an average of 10,000 taste buds in the mouth, mostly on the tongue, but some are also located on the roof of the mouth and in the back of the throat. Our tongue, which moves the food around, maximizing the mix with saliva and enzymes is assisted by our lips and cheeks, until the mash is ready to be pushed out and swallowed into the Esophagus on its way to the stomach. *Masticate – The combined action of teeth, tongue, saliva, enzymes, lips, cheeks and taste buds in mashing the food into a paste, which then allows for easier absorption by the organs that follow after swallowing. We do not have teeth in our stomach or intestines. Absorption and distribution of NUTRIENTS in and from the intestines will only be effective when the food (now called Chyme) is well masticated and in an acceptable condition so as to allow the nutrients to be absorbed. If not, your body (by way of the liver and blood vessels) will fail to receive all the goodness in the foods, without which the result will have a negative effect on all the body systems. Illustration – 5 Pounds (1.7 kgs.) of Muscle versus 5 Pounds of Fat. Food that is swallowed without sufficient mastication will cause discomfort, ailments, obesity, postural problems, heart disease amongst numerous other ill-health issues. It is a recognized fact that most diseases and ailments are “Man-Made”. Your Body is your greatest asset. Take care of it by providing for its NEEDS.

Obesity 'to be linked to more female cancers' than smoking

Obesity is set to overtake smoking as the biggest preventable cause of cancer in UK women by 2043, a Cancer Research UK report predicts. Currently, 12% of cancers in women are linked to smoking, and 7% to being overweight and obese. But with the number of smokers falling and obesity rates projected to rise, the charity estimates that gap will disappear in 25 years time. The figures assume that current trends will continue. Cancer Research UK's projections calculate that by 2035, 10% of cancers in women (around 25,000 cases) could be related to smoking and 9% (around 23,000 cases) to carrying excess weight. And by 2043, if those trends continued, being overweight and obese could be linked to even more cases of cancer than smoking in women. Smoking prevention lessons In UK men, obesity is not predicted to overtake smoking as a preventable cause of cancer until some time later, because more men than women smoke. Although obesity is more common among men too, obesity in women is thought to be a greater driver of cancers in the female population. The report says types of cancer linked to smoking include acute myeloid leukaemia, lung, bladder, bowel, cervical, pancreatic and stomach. Cancers linked to being overweight or obese include bowel, gall bladder, kidney, liver, breast, ovarian and thyroid. Professor Linda Bauld, Cancer Research UK's prevention expert, said the government must build on the lessons of smoking prevention to reduce the number of weight-related cancers. She said those who were overweight in childhood were five times more likely to be carrying excess weight as an adult. Recent figures show that levels of severe obesity during childhood have risen over the last decade in England. 'Act now' "That's why we are raising awareness of the link between cancer and obesity and calling for measures to protect children, like a ban on junk food adverts before 9pm and for restrictions on price promotions of 'less healthy' products," Prof Bauld said. She said the decline in smoking was a cause for celebration. "It shows how decades of effort to raise awareness about the health risks plus strong political action including taxation, removing tobacco marketing and a ban on smoking in indoor public places, have paid off. "But, just as there is still more to do to support people to quit smoking, we also need to act now to halt the tide of weight-related cancers and ensure this projection never becomes a reality." Related Topics CancerObesitySmoking Share this story About sharing Email Facebook Messenger Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn More on this story Obesity-related hospital admissions 'double in four years' 4 April 2018 One in 25 children aged 10 or 11 'severely obese' 29 May 2018 Five things you might be surprised affect weight 28 April 2018 UK most overweight country in Western Europe says OECD 11 November 2017 Related Internet links Cancer Research UK The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites 

Appetite-controlling brain cells could help us lose weight

Researchers have found a group of brain cells that control appetite, and activating them can curb the feeling of hunger. Beyond that, the findings could also help to control the so-called obesity epidemic. woman refusing junk food A group of brain cells control our appetite, "telling" our brains to refuse food. Obesity rates are on the rise around the globe, and the United States is home to a veritable obesity epidemic. But a team of researchers from the University of Warwick in Coventry, United Kingdom, have made a groundbreaking discovery that could transform dieting and weight loss practices. The scientists - led by Nicholas Dale, a professor of neuroscience at the University of Warwick - found that a group of cells called tanycytes "communicate" with the brain directly to "tell" it to stop the sensation of hunger. The first author of the new study is Greta Lazutkaite, and the findings were published in the journal Molecular Metabolism. Tanycytes are non-neuronal, or glial, cells located in an area of the brain called the hypothalamus, and recent studies have suggested that these cells may control energy levels and bdy weight. But this is the first time that scientists show how these cells signal satiety by detecting certain nutrients in food. More specifically, the authors explain, it was known that tanycytes are able to detect glucose in the cerebrospinal fluid, but the new research shows that essential amino acids can activate these cells and make us feel less hungry. How tanycytes control appetite Prof. Dale and team used calcium imaging to make the cells fluorescent and track them in vivo. They added several essential and nonessential amino acids to these brain cells. Tanycytes responded to two essential amino acids - lysine and arginine - within 30 seconds, sending signals to other parts of the hypothalamus that control appetite. After removing the genes that control the receptors responsible for detecting the umami taste in mice, the researchers found that tanycytes no longer responded to the amino acids


There is no video clip yet